Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by red, scaly patches on the skin, often accompanied by itching and discomfort. While there is no cure for psoriasis, several treatment options can help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for those affected by the condition. This article will discuss some of the standard treatment options available at the psoriasis treatment clinic.
Topical corticosteroids are the most commonly prescribed medications for mild to moderate psoriasis. They reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system’s response that triggers psoriasis flare-ups. Topical corticosteroids come in various strengths and formulations, and your doctor will determine the appropriate one for your specific needs.
Topical calcineurin inhibitors
Topical calcineurin inhibitors are another type of medication that can be used to treat psoriasis. They work by reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune response. They are usually prescribed for sensitive areas of the skin, such as the face, groin, and armpits, where other treatments may not be suitable.
Phototherapy, or light therapy, involves exposing the affected skin to ultraviolet (UV) light. UV light can slow down the rapid skin cell growth in psoriasis and reduce inflammation. Phototherapy can be done using natural sunlight, artificial UV lamps, or laser devices.
Systemic medications are prescribed for severe cases of psoriasis or when other treatments have not been effective. These medications suppress the immune system to reduce inflammation and control psoriasis symptoms. Systemic medicines can be taken orally, injected, or infused, requiring close monitoring by a healthcare professional due to potential side effects.
Biologic drugs are a newer class of medications that target specific parts of the immune system involved in psoriasis. They are usually prescribed for moderate to severe psoriasis and are administered as injections or infusions. Biologic drugs are highly effective in controlling psoriasis symptoms, but they can also have significant side effects and are generally reserved for patients who have not responded to other treatments.
In addition to medical treatments, specific lifestyle changes can help manage psoriasis symptoms. These include avoiding triggers that worsen psoriasis, such as stress, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Moisturizing the skin regularly, avoiding hot showers, and using gentle skincare products can also help soothe the skin and prevent flare-ups.